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LUCYNAKOSTUCH
(InstituteofHistory,JanKochanowskiUniversityinKielce)
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0141-6385
Ancientandmodernresultsoftheobservation
ofanimalbehaviourbasedonthefox
Betweenthehumanistparadigmandthenaturalparadigm
Keywords:Ancienthistory,ethology,fox
Słowaklucze:Historiaantyczna,etologia,lis
ABSTRACT
Terapiddevelopmentofanimalsciencehasgeneratedanincreasedinterestintheanimal
worldamonghumanists.Atrendhasappearedinhistoricalresearchthatcombinesknowl-
edgeaboutthepastandknowledgeaboutanimals.Tesubjectofthehistorical-natural
researchinthepresentarticleconcernsthefoxinGraeco-Romanantiquity.Inthestudy,
wewillattempttoanswerthefollowingquestion:Towhatdegreedidtheimageofthe
foxpresentedinancientaccountsresultfromobservationsofnature,andtowhatdegree
wasitaconsequenceoftheanthropomorphisationoftheanimal?Inordertoanswerthis
question,weshouldconfronttheGreekandRomansourcematerialswiththeresultsof
ethologicalresearch.
Tefoxinrecenthistoricalresearch
Terecentrapiddevelopmentofanimalscience,whichinvolvestheap-
pearanceofnewtechniquesforfieldobservationsofanimals,hasledtoan
increasedinterestintheanimalworldamonghumanists.Atrendhasappeared
inhistoricalresearchthatcombinesknowledgeaboutthepastandknowledge
aboutanimals.EricBaratay1postulatesthatsuchhistorical-naturalstudies
shouldbecalleduethologicalhistory”anduhistoricalethology”
.Teycould
wellbereferredtoastheuhistoryofanimals”
.E.Baratayexplainsthatuhistory
canbeusedtostudyhumandocumentsthatprovideinformationaboutthe
experienceofanimals,whileethologycanbeusedtounderstandandinter-
1
EricBaratayisahistorianandprofessorattheUniversitédeLyon.